Gum disease is caused by the buildup of plaque on your teeth and gums. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on your teeth and gums throughout the day. If it’s not removed by regular brushing and flossing, it can harden into tartar, which can only be removed by a dental professional.
Plaque and tartar can cause inflammation of the gums, which is the early stage of gum disease known as gingivitis. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to a more severe form of gum disease known as periodontitis. This can lead to gum recession, tooth loss, and other serious health problems.
Gum disease can cause a range of symptoms, including:
If you experience any of these symptoms, it’s important to see a dentist as soon as possible. Early intervention is key to preventing gum disease from progressing to a more severe form.
In addition to professional dental cleaning, it’s important to practice good oral hygiene at home to prevent the recurrence of gum disease. This includes:
If your gum disease has progressed to a more severe form, your dentist may recommend more advanced treatment options, such as:
The best way to prevent gum disease is to maintain good oral hygiene practices and visit your dentist regularly for checkups and professional cleanings. Other preventative measures include: